A patient taking a PFT test

PFT Interpretation: A 4 Step Approach

Pulmonary function testing

Pulmonary diseases can be very sneaky, developing subtly over time with very little outward signs or symptoms.  When these diseases are underrecognized and undertreated it can lead to increased damage to the lungs, faster progression of […]

Man smoking a cigarette

COPD Gold Stages & Treatements

Lung Disease

Table of Contents The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) provides criteria for the diagnosis and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although all patients may have their own unique course with […]

Pulmonary function testing

Flow volume loops

Analyzing flow volume loops provides a quick way to detect lung disease. The appearance of the loop can reveal the presence of obstructive and/or restrictive lung disease. The location of the airway obstruction can also […]

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Mechanical ventilation

Hazards of Mechanical Ventilation

Complications associated with mechanical ventilation are primarily related to the use of positive pressure applied to the lungs and the artificial airways required to provide invasive ventilation. Positive pressure not only damages sensitive lung tissue […]